Caesar Augustus, high priest and tribune of the people, ordains thus: Since the nation of the Jews hath been found grateful to the Roman people, not only at this time, but in time past also, and chiefly Hyrcanus the high priest, under my father Caesar the emperor, it seemed good to me and my counselors, according to the sentence and oath of the people of Rome, that the Jews have liberty to make use of their own customs, according to the law of their forefathers, as they made use of them under Hyrcanus the high priest of the Almighty God; and that their sacred money be not touched, but be sent to Jerusalem, and that it be committed to the care of the receivers at Jerusalem; and that they be not obliged to go before any judge on the sabbath day, nor on the day of the preparation to it, after the ninth hour. But if any one be caught stealing their holy books, or their sacred money, whether it be out of the synagogue or public school, he shall be deemed a sacrilegious person, and his goods shall be brought into the public treasury of the Romans. And I give order that the testimonial which they have given me, on account of my regard to that piety which I exercise toward all mankind, and out of regard to Caius Marcus Censorinus, together with the present decree, be proposed in that most eminent place which hath been consecrated to me by the community of Asia at Ancyra. And if any one transgress any part of what is above decreed, he shall be severely punished." (Retrieved from http://www.ccel.org/ccel/josephus/complete.ii.xvii.vi.html.
Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble because he sees the light of the world. (John 11:9 LITV)
(Mark 15:25 LITV) And it was the third hour, and they crucified Him.(Mark 15:33 LITV) And it being the sixth hour, darkness came over all the land until the ninth hour.(John 19:14 LITV) And it was the Preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, Behold, your King!(Mark 15:34 LITV) And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? (Which being translated is, "My God, My God, why did You forsake Me?") Psa. 22:1
Mark 15:1 KJV(1) And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.Luke 22:66 KJV(66) And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,Matthew 27:1-2 KJV(1) When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:(2) And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor."
"John 19:25-27 KJV(25) Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.(26) When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!(27) Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home."
ROMAN VERSUS JERUSALEM TIME TABULATION around PASSOVER, CRUCIFIXION FROM THE CONCORDANCE OF JOHN 19:14.
|ROMAN TIME||JEWISH TIME||MODERN TIME|
|4th hour||1st hour||4 AM Astronomical twilight April|
|5th hour||2nd hour||5 AM [if day is from SUNRISE 1st /10th]|
|6th hour of John 19:14||3rd hour in other gospels||6 AM [2nd / 11th]|
|7th hour||4th hour||7 AM [3rd /12th]|
|8th hour||5th hour||8 AM [4th /1st] could not have started Jewish day|
|9th hour||6th hour [darkness reported]||9 AM [Roman / Jewish day is 12 hour]|
|10th hour||7th hour [darkness still]||10 AM [6th / 3rd]|
|11th hour||8th [darkness still]||11 AM [7th / 4th]|
|12th hour||9th [darkness and Death]||12 PM [8th / 5th] death [Mark 15:42, Mat 27:50, Luke 23:46, John 19:30]|
|13th hour||10th hour||1 PM [9th / 6th night]|
|14th hour||11th hour||2 PM [10th / 7th night]|
|15th hour||12th hour||3 PM [11th / 8th night]|
|16th hour||1st hour [New day begins]||4 PM [12th / 9th]|
|17th hour||2nd hour||5 PM [1st / 10th night]|
|18th hour||3rd hour||6 PM (Sunset in Jerusalem) [2nd / 11th]|
|19th hour||4th hour||7 PM [3rd / 12th or End of Jewish day? No]|
|20th hour||5th hour||8 PM [5th / 2nd]|
|21st hour||6th hour||9 PM [6th / 3rd]|
|22nd hour||7th hour||10 PM 3rd watch? [7th / 4th|
|23rd hour||8th hour||11 PM [8th / 5th]|
|Midnight hour||9th hour||12 AM [9th / 6th]|
|1st hour||10th hour||1 AM [10th / 7th]|
|2nd hour||11th hour||2 AM [11th / 8th]|
|3dr hour||12th hour||3 AM [12th / 9th]|